What is Depression?
What Causes Depression?
What are the symptoms of Depression?
- Angry outbursts
- Loss of interest in friends, family and favorite activities, including sex
- Trouble concentrating
- Trouble making decisions
- Trouble remembering
- Thoughts of harming yourself
- Delusions and/or hallucinations can also occur in cases of severe depression
- Withdrawing from people
- Substance abuse
- Missing work, school or other commitments
- Attempts to harm yourself
- Tiredness or lack of energy
- Unexplained aches and pains
- Changes in appetite
- Weight loss
- Weight gain
- Changes in sleep – sleeping too little or too much
- Sexual problems
Types of Depression:
- Major depression may be a single episode or occur frequently throughout a lifetime. This type of depression will last over a two-week period. During this time an individual experiences depressed mood most of the day, with a loss of interest in normal activities, including relationships. Those who are suffering with major depression may also experience fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, indecisiveness, insomnia (or hypersomnia – oversleeping), restlessness or feeling slowed down, thoughts of suicide, and change of more than 5% in body weight over a month.
- Persistent depressive disorder (PDD, formerly called dysthymia) last for around two years. Although less severe than major depression, many of the same symptoms occur: low energy, poor appetite or overeating, and insomnia or oversleeping. It may appear as stress, irritability, and mild anhedonia (the inability to derive pleasure from most activities). A person suffering with PDD may see the “glass as half empty.”
- Bipolar Disorder, Once Called Manic-Depression, Is A Brain Disorder That Causes Shifts In Mood, Energy Levels, And Ability To Carry Out Everyday Tasks. There Are Four Types Of Bipolar: Bipolar 1 And 2, Cyclothymia And Other Specified /Unspecified Bipolar Related Disorders. Individuals Who Suffer With Bipolar May Shift From Severe Highs (Mania) Or Mild Highs (Hypomania) To Severe Lows (Depression).
- Bipolar I Disorder is defined by manic episodes lasting at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the individual will need to seek immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
- Bipolar II Disorder defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described in Bipolar I.
- Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia) is a mood disorder that causes emotional ups and downs, but not as extreme as in bipolar disorder. It is defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year for children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
- Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders are defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.